BAR is a scholarly journal on business and public administration published quarterly since 2004 by ANPAD (Brazilian Academy of Management). It is a fully open-access online journal that abides by the principles of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and DORA (San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment). It does not charge authors, readers or institutions in any way and does not organize special issues as per the request of individuals, institutions or conferences. BAR is available in most reputed indexing services, including SCOPUS.
BAR’s mission is to advance scholarly knowledge on management and organizational theories and their implications for business and public administration by means of the global dissemination of conceptual and empirical studies developed in Brazil and other countries.
BAR publishes documents within the interests of business and public administration, management science, and organization studies. Diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives are welcome as long as they contribute to advancing the frontiers of a specific theoretical tradition and are also insightful to practice. Prospective authors should note that studies with blurred boundaries between what is inherent to organization studies and what may be framed within the interests of, for instance, anthropology and sociology will be rejected. Symptomatically, a large body of research has been misguiding organization scholars. The same policy applies to studies that are not fully characterized within another scholarly field but whose main interests concern isolated issues, such as culture, gender, race, performance, impact, and the like. BAR’s editorial scope for research articles does not include teaching cases, theoretical essays, opinion papers, purely applied practitioner-oriented technical material, and replication studies. As for the latter, replication is here conceived in broad terms, including the testing of theories (confirmation/refutation of previous findings), contextualization studies (application of scales to a different context) and perspective studies (collection of data from a different demographic group). Systematic literature reviews will be considered only if they address issues of contemporary interest both for theory development and application in organizations. Before submitting your systematic literature review, BAR recommends authors to read two papers on how to develop compelling literature reviews: 1 and 2.
4. Target audience
BAR’s target audience is the Brazilian and the global scholarly communities in all interests of business and public administration.
Documents of interest for a BAR issue include editorial prefaces (section "Editorial"), interviews with renowned scholars (section "Interview"), original studies (section "Research articles") and outstanding opinion articles that challenge current paradigms or describe unique experiences on the application of theories (section "Thinking Outside the Box"). All submitted documents must be original and not be under consideration for publication in any other venue. Previous publication as a preprint or in conference proceedings would not violate the originality requirements, but each case should be discussed with the editorial office and informed in the cover letter upon submission. Submissions can be made in English or Portuguese. However, if the manuscript in Portuguese is accepted for publication, the authors will send the full version of the manuscript in the English language (with proper vernacular quality and content) to BAR. The manuscripts will be published only in English, given the journal's internationalization process. All submissions are subject to a preliminary screening by the editorial office and the editor-in-chief, and, if appropriate, submissions are forwarded to associate editors who may also decide to forward them to a full double-blind peer review.
6. Copyright and Licensing
This journal remains the copyright holders of articles published. The journal grants third parties the right to use, reproduce, and share the article according to the Creative Commons license agreement (CC-BY 4.0), as stated in the article’s PDF documents.
BAR demands that authors present, at the moment of submission, the necessary permissions to use any material protected by copyright – for example, illustrations, artwork and photographs, including any materials from online sources. In order to reproduce copyrighted contents, the authors must obtain written permission from the owners of the rights and send the permissions to BAR’s Editorial Office. Permission is not necessary for significantly adapted content (but full citation to the source remains mandatory).
In order for the publication of documents, the authors must sign a Transfer of Copyright Form, which will be sent to the authors by e-mail.
7. Open Access
BAR is a fully open-access jornal. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. There is no embargo on the journal’s publications. Submission and acceptance dates, along with publication dates, are made available on the PDF format for each paper.
This journal remains the copyright holders of articles published and grant third parties the right to use, reproduce, and share the article according to the Creative Commons license agreement (CC-BY 4.0).
Authors are encouraged to publish their data in recommended repositories. For a list of generic and subject specific repositories that meet our peer review criteria, see here.
8. Open Science practices
In line with Open Science practices, in 2020 BAR started to encourage reviewers to join the Open Peer Review, according to which the journal publishes, on the title page of each article, information about the editors and reviewers who contributed to the peer-review process of that article. BAR also encourages and invites reviewers and authors to allow disclosure of the peer-review reports containing the reviewers’ comments and authors’ responses, which are shared alongside the published article.
Regarding Open Data, as of October, 2020, BAR requires that submitted manuscripts cite and reference all data, program codes and other materials that were used in and resulted from the studies. The editors might invite authors to share their original database, if unpublished, by depositing the database and additional files in open repositories such as Mendeley Data and Zenodo. If the authors accept the invitation, they will receive specific instructions for the deposit.
Upon submission, authors must fill and send the Open Science Compliance Form alongside the cover letter, stating their positioning regarding preprints, research data and other materials, as well as their stance on open peer review. More instructions can be found in BAR’s submission manual available in the guide do authors.
9. Anti-plagiarism and data falsification
BAR uses iThenticate as the plagiarism detection tool.
Plagiarism is defined as the unacknowledged use of the work of others as if this were your own original work.
Examples of plagiarism:
- Copying and pasting from the Internet and posting somewhere else without proper citation.
- Putting your name on another person’s essay or project.
- Copying exact wording from another person’s text.
- Using another person’s photo, diagram, tables, sounds, or ideas without proper citation.
- Presenting research in your own words without providing references
- Purchasing another person’s text and using it as your own.
- Presenting ideas in the same format and order as your research source.
By submitting paper for publication to this journal, Author(s) certify that:
- I/We are fully aware that plagiarism is wrong.
- I/We know that plagiarism is the use of another person’s idea or published work and to pretend that it is one’s own.
- I/ We declare that each contribution to your project from the work(s) of other peoples published works or unpublished sources have been acknowledged and source of information have been referenced.
- I/We certify that I/we are solely responsible for any incomplete reference that may remain in my/our work.
9.1 Anti-plagiarism declaration
I have read and understood the BAR policy on plagiarism. I hereby declare that this piece of manuscript is the result of my own independent scholarly work, and that in all cases material from the work of others (in books, articles, essays, dissertations, and on the internet) is acknowledged, and quotations and paraphrases are clearly indicated. No material other than that listed has been used. This written work has not previously or not yet been published.
Tips for Avoiding Plagiarism:
- Learn the citation expectations for each course.
- When you take notes for a paper, be sure to cite sources so you don’t get mixed up later.
- When you research online, be sure to find the original source of the information, since it is possible that websites plagiarize.
- If you are really worried, ask your prof if you can submit a rough draft so she /he can check your citations.
- When in doubt, authors must cite. It is better to have too many citations than few.
To help address and to prevent plagiarism, BAR incorporates into its editorial workflows iThenticate. Main features of iThenticate are: i) prevents plagiarism by detecting textual similarities which could indicate misconduct; and ii) compares full-text manuscripts against a database with million articles, thousands of journals, books from hundreds of publishers, and billion webpages. The main function of iThenticate is to identify the textual overlap of a manuscript against a database of published works and internet sources.
Retractions are considered by BAR’s editors in cases of evidence of unreliable data or findings, plagiarism, duplicate publication, and unethical research. We may consider an expression of concern notice if an article is under investigation. All retraction notices explain why the article was retracted. When the paper is included in an issue we replace version of the article that will be posted containing just the metadata, with a retraction note replacing the original text. The *.pdf document will be replaced with a version watermarked with “Retracted Version”. Yet, the original text will remain accessible. In rare cases, we may have to remove the original content for legal reasons. In such cases we will leave the metadata (title and authors) and replace the text with a note saying the article has been removed for legal reasons. A retraction notice will also be published online. Retraction notices will be always indexed and linked to the original records in Scielo.
In case of identification of plagiarism, all recommendations of the COPE guidelines will be followed.
10. Editorial boards
The following individuals cannot act as senior editors, associate editors or reviewers in BAR's editorial processes:
- Members of ANPAD's presidential board;
- Members of the grant committees of the Brazilian Research Council (CNPq)
BAR’s editorial boards are as follows:
- Editorial policy committee (EPC)
- Editor-in-chief (EIC)
- Senior editors (SE)
- Associate editors (AE)
- Editorial assistant (EA)
- Editorial review board (ERB)
10.1 Editorial policy committee (EPC)
The EPC, also known as the advisory board, consists of:
- ANPAD’s Director for Communication and Publications, who presides over the committee
- ANPAD’s President
- BAR’s EIC
- Scholars recognized for their achievements in the fields of business and public administration
The EPC is responsible for:
- Coordinating the nomination process for the EIC position.
- Assuring that editors fulfill their duties, otherwise they may be replaced.
- Developing BAR’s editorial policies, such as the mission, scope, target audience, visual identity, and periodicity.
- Submitting proposals for changes in BAR’s regulations to EPC’s president.
10.2 Editor-in-chief (EIC)
Overall, the EIC coordinates the editorial process and assumes the ultimate responsibility for the journal’s quality, as the EIC has the final word on the accepted and rejected documents and the organization of each issue. The EIC also leads a series of other actions, such as the organization of special issues, the design of features for the journal’s website, and campaigns geared towards promoting the journal. The nomination for the person to occupy the EIC position should consider many factors, including: leadership and recognition in the scholarly community as an author, reviewer and member of editorial boards, commitment to editorial deadlines, ability to promote the work of other researchers and to guide them through the editorial process, development of work plans for BAR, effectiveness in meeting multiple requests from institutions to which BAR is connected, participation in outstanding academic networks, and evidence of professional and interpersonal ethics.
The EIC is particularly responsible for:
- Nomination of individuals to serve as EPC members, SE, AE, EM, and members of the ERB board (reviewers). The EPC has the right to veto any nomination.
- Coordination of BAR’s staff.
- Desk review of documents submitted to BAR.
- Assignment and supervision of reviewers, in close coordination with an SE or AE.
- Final decision on submitted documents.
- Continuous improvement of BAR and its editorial processes.
- Assurance of editorial timeliness.
- Assurance that documents meet academic rigor and relevance for practice.
- Author and reviewer advising as to what is expected from them.
- Mediation of the relationship between SEs, AEs, reviewers and authors.
- Designation of invited editors (external to BAR’s boards) to review documents authored and submitted to BAR by members of ANPAD’s boards or BAR’s boards.
10.3 The senior editors (SE)
The SEs are nominated by the EIC, subject to EPC’s right to veto. The SE board represents all key areas of expertise within BAR’s interest on business and public administration. Those areas of expertise are closely related to ANPAD’s academic divisions. SEs can be affiliated to any institution in the world, but they are typically chosen among the most reputed scholars affiliated to ANPAD. Their role is to manage the review process of documents submitted to their areas of expertise, subject to the documents having passed the EIC desk review and their own SE desk review. They are responsible for working with AEs and reviewers in the editorial process and writing a review report to the EIC. They also advise the EIC on BAR interests, particularly within their areas of expertise, such as when planning for special issues and new nominations for the AE board.
10.4 The associate editors (AE)
The AEs are nominated by the EIC or by an SE, subject to EPC’s right to veto. The primary incumbency of an AE is to analyze submitted documents based on his or her expertise on the dominant topic of the document. If the document has merits to undergo a full review process, the AE will assign two or three reviewers to work on it. The AE will also manage the deadlines and write a review report to the SE or directly to the EIC. AEs may serve in a permanent or ad-hoc fashion. Permanent AEs are expected to manage more review processes than ad-hoc AEs. Ad-hoc AEs may be promoted to the permanent AE board depending on the quality of their work for BAR. As AEs gain seniority in BAR, they become eligible for the SE board.
10.5 The editorial assistant (EA)
The EA is responsible for managing the journal’s staff and the workflow of the editorial process, including:
- Maintaining the database of editorial members.
- Maintaining the database of performance evaluations of the editorial boards, especially regarding the quality of reviews and the commitment to deadlines.
- Assisting the EIC in identifying quality reviewers to work on submitted documents.
- Managing the proofreading process and assuring the compliance to publication standards.
- Managing the deadlines.
- Managing the operational and administrative processes related to publishing the journal’s issues.
- Interacting with other institutions.
- Looking for opportunities for the journal.
The EA is nominated by the EIC, subject to approval by the EPC’s president.
10.6 The editorial review board (ERB)
BAR’s ERB consists of renowned scholars from the academic community spanning the broadest scope possible of scholarly knowledge in business and public administration. They also represent a diversity of institutions and regions in the world. ERB members are invited in an ad-hoc fashion by the EIC, an SE or an AE to review documents submitted to BAR within their areas of expertise.
11. Criteria for the Annual Outstanding Reviewer Award for BAR
The Outstanding Reviewer Award for BAR held annually during the EnANPAD (ANPAD Anual Meeting) uses the following evaluation criteria of the reviewers active in 12 months before the event, commonly held in October. The evaluators who contributed between September of the previous year until the end of September of the current year of the award are eligible for the award.
- Have issued at least two evaluative reports in the period;
- Have an average evaluation time equal to or less than 30 days;
- Not having declined an invitation to evaluate during the period.
- The average evaluation time (period between the invitation and the issuance of the review report).
- The number of review reports issued in the period.
- The opinion of the Associate Editor on the report issued.
- Quality of the review report regarding 1) the cordiality in the communication with the authors; 2) assertiveness in presenting the article's strengths and weaknesses; 3) objective suggestions on overcoming the identified weaknesses and; 4) suggestion for extra literature, but not unnecessary citations.
Note: BAR may make other honorable mentions or awards to evaluators at different times of the year following the requirements and criteria mentioned.